Caracalla (198-217) et Plautille
Aureus - Rome (202)
D’une insigne rareté et d’une qualité hors norme.
Exemplaire provenant du trésor de Karnak (1901) et de la collection F. R. Jameson et de la collection E. von Schulthess-Rechberg vente Hess-Leu 17 du 23 mars 1961, N°270 et de la collection du Perfectionniste (C. Vaudecrane) vente Leu 87 du 6 mai 2003, N°61 et de la collection P.F. Molina vente Aureo & Calicó « Imagines Imperatorum » du 8 février 2012, N°174
7.52g - Cal. 2858
FDC Exceptionnel - GEM MS
Caracalla’s wife, Publia Fulvia Plautilla, who may have been a year younger or three years older than her husband – sources disagree – belonged to the gens Fulvia and was related to the first wife of Julius Caesar; her father was a maternal first cousin to Septimius Severus (and fellow countryman of Lepcis) and the commander of the Praetorian Guard. She despised her so that, apparently, she would not even dine with him, but she nevertheless bore him a daughter in AD 204. Plautilla was said to be prod- igal, and indeed she seems to have been brought up in a rather extraordinary manner: for example, Cassius Dio (who attended the wedding) related that Plautianus had one hundred Roman men of good birth castrated so that his daughter would have a suitable number of eunuchs to school her in the finer arts of life, and that the dowry he offered was fifty times the normal amount for a roy- al woman. When, possibly on false grounds, Plautilla’s father was executed for treachery (a plot against the emperors) in January AD 205, Caracalla immediately divorced and exiled her, to Sicily first and then to the volcanic island of Lipari. She was finally strangled in AD 211 – once her protector Severus had died. In this context, it can be safely assumed that this coin was struck just after the wedding of Caracalla (who was Augustus since AD 198, but still only 14-year-old) to Plautilla in April AD 202.